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Mystras

1. MYSTRAS                                                   Duration of visit: 1 and a half hour

Mystras - Mystras was a Byzantine state in Peloponnese. The story of "the dead city" of Mistra begins from the mid 13th century, when completed the conquest of Peloponnese by the Franks. After the defeat of the Franks in 1259, the castle of Mystras, was granted by the Byzantine emperor Michael VIII Palaeologus. In 14 century Mystras became the capital of the Byzantine Peloponnese. In 1460 Mystra surrendered to the Turks and then begins the decline of the last Byzantine state while in 1825 began its’ final abandonment. In 1989 by decision of the Committee of Unesco, Mystras entered as a cultural asset in the list of World Cultural Heritage. The most important and best preserved monuments of the city are:
a.
The citadel and the fortifications of the castle town of Mystras; b. The Church of St. Demetrius, founded in 1270; c. The Church of Pantanassa inaugurated in September 1428; d. The temple of Perivleptos, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, built in mid 14th century; e. The temple of Saint Theodore, was built shortly before 1296 by the monks Daniel and Pachomio; f. The temple of Hodeghetria, was built by the Prior Pachomio in the early 14th century; g. The Church of Saint Sophia, in the neighborhood of the palace that was founded in mid 14th century by the first despot of Mistra Manuel Kantakouzinos; h. The Palaces complex; i. The Church of Saint Nikolaos in the neighborhood of Palaces; j. The houses of Mystras; k. The archeological museum. Entrance fees: 5€ in Archeological site.

After driving 20 minutes from Mystras we will reach Sparta