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Athens

Athens


Greece begins in and revolves around this city,one of the most ancient capitals of the western world. Cupped in a bowl on the west coast of Attica, with the mountains Aigaleo, Parnitha, Pendeli and Hymettus on three sides and the Saronic Gulf on the other, it forms one continuous city with the sea-port Piraeus and the suburbs. Athens was first inhabited some 6.000 years ago by Pelasgian and later bt Ionians, who found the great rock of the Acropolis a natural stronghold. As the city grew, it was dedicated and named after the Godness of Wisdom, Athena. It enjoyed its first flourishing period in the Mycenaean era (1600-1100 B.C.). At the end of the 6th century B.C. was overthrown and the democratic form of government which followed led to unprecedented achievements in the history of mankind. In the 5th century B.C. -the “golden age” of Athens- under the enlightened leadership of Pericles,Athens had its full development in the fields of culture, commerce and military strength. During the Hellenistic and the Byzantine periods Athens was a secondary city. After the Greek liberation from the Turks in 1834 it was proclaimed capital of Greece.

This tour includes a private vehicle with driver, and an English-speaking escort

Instructions
• Please keep in mind that your English-speaking escort can enter in archeological sites with you but the tour for those will precede the visit. If you want a licensed-authorized guide to tour the sites with you, you can hire one at an extra cost.
• The price of this tour does not include any food, entrance fees, or gratuities.
• In SHARED tours the escort must maintain schedule for a fair and successful day for all.
• The Acropolis may only be accessed by walking uphill. It is a strenuous walk and you must be in good physical condition. There is a pathway, but there are also steps near the top.
• Use comfortable shoes and please keep in mind that the weather may be very hot during summer.
• There is a Special ticket package which includes the following archaeological sites: Acropolis, Ancient Agora, Roman Agora, Temple of Zeus and the price is 12€

The program for a full day excursion in the Athens, which lasts 8 hours, consists of visiting the following points (after driving 40 minutes from Piraeus port, where ships docked, to Athens):

 

The temple of Zeus

1. THE TEMPLE OF ZEUS                                         Duration of visit: 20 minutes

Hadrian completed the temple of Olympian Zeus about 700 years after Peisistratus raised the first immense columns. The 104 Corinthian marble columns are still the largest in Europe. The roman general Sulla removed the pillars of the intervening Hellenistic temple to Rome in the first century B.C. so only 16 columns now remain.

 

The Acropolis

2. THE ACROPOLIS                                                         Duration of visit: 1 hour

Is a rocky hill 156m.above sea level, dominating the center of the town. It is a natural fortress since it is inaccessible from all sides except the west side where the entrance is located. From the earliest times it had been both a fortress and the religious center of the state. The principal cult was that of the goddess Athena and in her honor splendid temples were constructed on the Acropolis. The most remarkable monuments are:
a. The Parthenon; b. The Erechtheion; c. The Propylaea; d. The Caryatides; e. The theatre of Dionysus in southern slope of the Acropolis; f. The Odeon of Herodes Atticus

 

The Acropolis Museum

3. THE ACROPOLIS MUSEUM                                         Duration of visit: 1 hour

Is a museum focused on the findings of the archaeological site of Acropolis of Athens. The museum was built to house every object which is found on the sacred rock of Acropolis and its foothills, covering a broad period from the Mycenaean period to the Roman and early Christian Athens, while situated above the archaeological site Makriyannis, remnant of the Roman and early Byzantine Athens. The new building of the museum was founded in 2003 and opened to the public on June 21, 2009. Exposed approximately 4,000 objects in an area 14,000 square meters.
Entrance fee: 5€

 

Theseion

4. THESEION                                                          Duration of visit: 30 munities

Theseion - is the name of a neighborhood in downtown Athens, northwest of the Acropolis and its name derives from the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as ?heseio, as it was, in earlier times, considered a temple of Theseus. There we will make a stop to drink a coffee or refreshment and take some rest.

 

Ancient Agora

5. ANCIENT AGORA                                               Duration of visit: 45 munities

The Agora was the heart of Ancient Athens, the center of political, commercial, administrative and social activities, religious and cultural center and the seat of the courts. Served as a place of residence and as a landfill from the Neolithic era. At the beginning of 6 century BC became a public space. The most remarkable monuments are:
a. Temple of Hephaestus
b. Stoa of Attalus

 

Plaka

6. PLAKA                                                               Duration of visit: 30 munities

Plaka - is the old historical neighborhood of Athens, clustered around the northern and eastern slopes of the Acropolis, and incorporating labyrinthine streets and neoclassical architecture. It is known as the "Neighbourhood of the Gods" due to its proximity to the Acropolis and its many archaeological sites. The most important monuments are
a. The Tower of the Winds
b. The Roman Agora

 

Monastiraki

7. MONASTIRAKI                                                  Duration of visit: 30 munities

Monastiraki - is a flea market neighborhood in the old town of Athens and is one of the principal shopping districts in Athens. The area is home to clothing boutiques, souvenir shops, and specialty stores, and is a major tourist attraction for bargain shopping. The most important monument is “The Library of Hadrian”.

 

Syntagma

8. SYNTAGMA AND GREEK PARLIAMENT             Duration of visit: 45 munities

Syntagma (Constitution) Square and Greek Parliament - is located in central Athens. The Square is named after the Constitution that King Otto was forced to grant the people after a popular and military uprising, on September 3, 1843. The Greek Parliament is overlooking the square and in front of it is found the monument of the “Unknown Soldier” which is guarded by elite soldiers of the Greek army, commonly known as 'Tsoliades' or Evzoni.
Leaving there we will continue to Kallimarmaro crossing the Panepistimiou Street where we will see the buildings of University, Bibliotheca and Academy and Stadiou Street where we will see the building of the Old Greek Parliament.

 

Panathenaic Stadium

9. KALLIMARMARO                                                Duration of visit: 20 munities

Kallimarmaro - also known as Panathinaiko or Panathenaic Stadium is an athletic stadium that hosted the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. Reconstructed from the remains of the ancient Greek stadium is the only major stadium in the world built entirely of white marble and one of the oldest stadiums in the world.

Leaving there we will continue to Mount Lycabettus crossing the B. Konstantinou Street where we will see the statue of Truman.

 

Mount Lycabettus

10. MOUNT LYCABETTUS                                      Duration of visit: 20 munities

Mount Lycabettus, is a Cretaceous limestone hill in Athens. At 277 meters above sea level, the hill is the highest point in the city that surrounds it. Pine trees cover its base, and at its peak are the 19th century Chapel of St. George, a theatre, and a restaurant.The hill is a popular tourist destination and can be ascended by the Lycabettus Funicular. Lycabettus appears in various legends. Popular stories suggest it was once the refuge of wolves. Mythologically, Lycabettus is credited to Athena, who created it when she dropped a mountain she had been carrying from Pallene for the construction of the Acropolis.

After driving 45 minutes we will return to Piraeus port.

 



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